Hybrid tea roses are an informal classification for an entire group of perennial garden roses. They have been developed by crossing two different types of annuals, first by cross-breeding perennial perennials with hybrid tea roses. It was the first group classed as a true perennial garden rose in the U.S.A.
Hybrid roses produce flowers that are more fragrant than their other hybrid counterparts, and they also produce a wider variety of colors. Most hybrid tea roses have long life, low maintenance blossoms. Many hybrid varieties do not require fertilizer, but they do need to be watered frequently during the winter months. Some hybrid tea roses grow so well that they have difficulty being planted in the garden, but they may survive for several years in containers.
There are many differences between the hybrids that are produced from hybrid tea and true annuals. One of the biggest is coloration. True roses have a wide variation in color between white, pink, orange, purple, blue, and burgundy. In comparison, most hybrid roses are very pale pink or white. The colors range even further and can include some reds, purples, lilacs, mauves, and browns.
Another difference in hybrid tea roses is size. True roses are generally quite large, reaching up to ten feet tall. However, most hybrid tea roses can grow to one foot or less. While it is common to find them growing up to fifteen feet tall, some of the larger varieties, such as the Carolina Rose, can actually grow to almost thirty feet.
Some hybrid tea roses are actually classified within several groups based upon their growing habits and growth habit. These categories include:
Another category of hybrid tea roses are those produced by cross breeding two different types of annuals. The most commonly cross bred are tea roses that have a high tendency to flower on short flowering seasons. This is often referred to as short lived plants.
Hybrid tea roses that are crossed with annuals that grow on longer flowering seasons, such as rose bushes, can also be called hybrid tea roses. These types are also known as ‘long lived’ plants and may live up to twelve to fifteen years or more.
All hybrid rose plants are subject to pests and diseases, so care should be taken when picking out these plants. And the care of the hybrid plants should be done prior to planting.
Plants that are highly recommended for this type of garden are tea roses of all types, and especially those that are cross bred between roses. These plants are generally easier to take care of than true roses, due to the fact that they are not in direct sunlight, thus protecting them from sunburn and other problems that occur from being exposed too long to the sun. They may also be susceptible to frost damage.
Most plants require at least four hours of direct sun each day. If this is impossible, a container that has a shade cloth on top will work well.
Also, the proper drainage of the soil is essential and should not be filled with compost or clay or any type of material. To make sure that no moisture is retained in the soil. If this problem exists, the plant needs to be removed and replanted.
As with all plants, they do require special watering requirements. For the first few years, it is best to water your hybrid roses only once or twice a week. This is because they usually tend to over-water themselves and should be kept after about three or four years.
If there is any concern about the health of your hybrid rose plants, a visit to the local nursery can be very helpful. Most nurseries offer advice for the care of these types of plants and will usually provide a sample of flowers for you to test for conditions. This will allow you to determine what to avoid, and the best methods to use to ensure healthy plants in your garden.